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ROSELAND HOUSE
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Roseland House, Great Yeldham. A garden and paddock of about 3 acres of mostly uncut grass, with a boggy corner. The paddock was lightly grazed by horses from 2002 to July 2011 and not grazed since. It is sheltered by a spinney to the south and hedges on the east and north sides. There is also a useful pond for the dragonflies.

By 2017 the paddock had been left uncut or grazed for six years.

Scrub/tree encroachment has been negligable and easily controlled. That is by mowing small areas next to Blackthorn hedge, or by hand trimming the odd tree seedling as it arises.

Nectar plants: the best nectar plants are Sallow trees by the pond for bees and butterflies in March, Brambles in the hedges and Thistles for the main summer butterfly season followed by Knapweed for later summer. There are also a few Buddlias and Self Heal when left to flower in the lawn and Ivy for autumn visitors.

Grassland species changes: the paddock is no longer a uniform mixture of species (if it ever was). Different grass species have come to dominate different parts of the site quite apart from the welcome areas of nettle and Creeping Thistle. In some parts this has led to the gradual formation of a dense, thick mat of old, dead grass left over from previous years crowding out some of the commoner species such as Cocksfoot and Timothy. One or two of the monoclonal Creeping Thistle patches have also lost their previous vigour.

By 2017 the site was still excellent for butterflies and bees with some less good parts. I had planned to deal with these less favourable parts by cutting every 3-4 years in rotation to allow recovery of some of the swamped out species. Noticing how the site varies from part to part I will now be refreshing the deteriorated areas as and when necessary. From 2017 selected areas are cut in Mid July, short enough to destroy the basal dead layers and then kept short for the remainder of that season. I expect that one or two plots will need this treatment each year and that each cut will last a few years before repeating.

Small photograph of the paddock at Roseland House
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Buttercups
31 May 2011
Small photograph of the paddock at Roseland House
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Shady walk
7 June 2011
Small photograph of the paddock at Roseland House
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Bramble
15 June 2011
Small photograph of the lawn at Roseland House
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Self Heal
24 June 2011
Small photograph of the paddock at Roseland House
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Thistle patch
12 July 2012
Small photograph of the paddock at Roseland House
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Hemp Agrimony
29 July 2010
Small photograph of the paddock at Roseland House
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Water Mint
9 Aug 2010
Small photograph of the paddock at Roseland House
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Brambles and Ivy
1 Sept 2010
Roseland House Spinney hedge 
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Paddock.
7 July 2017
Roseland House plan 
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Roseland House
Aug 2017
Roseland House plan 
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31 Mar 2013